Actinidia deliciosa 'Hayward' - Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi Fruit
Why import kiwi fruit (Actinidia) all the way from New Zealand when the green vitamin bombs also grow in gardens here? Kiwis are vigorous climbers that combine plant privacy screen and food enjoyment in the garden. The female plants ('Hayward') need a male partner ('Tomuri') for pollination.
Kiwi fruits (Actinidia deliciosa) with their hairy, brown skin always look very exotic. Even in our country it is easily possible to harvest your own kiwis. Kiwi plants are fast growing, twining climbers and very hardy plants. They are ideal for training over a pergola for privacy and coverage, giving shade in summer, or for scrambling up and along special trellices as they are used for growing vine. However, Kiwis prefer to form a horizontal canopy so that the fruits hang in the shade and ripen best there. Planting distance should be 3 to 4 m in slightly acidic soil (pH 4.5 - 5.5). They can also be grown in spacious planters on trellises, if they are pruned regularly and the soil is kept constantly moist. Kiwis are dioecious plants, meaning that male and female flowers (both cream colored) grow on different plants. The variety ‘Hayward’ is one of the most popular female varieties with large fruits. Its fruits can reach up to 100 g and are as big as imported kiwis. A good matching male kiwi variety is ‘Tomuri’, as it flowers at the same time as ‘Hayward’, ensuring pollination.
In plantations, it is common practice to plant one male for every three female, which is also a good guideline for local gardeners. Winter protection is not necessary. If individual shoots freeze back in in severe winter, this does not damage the plant: every year between mid- February and mid-March, its side shoots are cut back to half their length. New side shoots grow from the main shoots in spring.
Quality: fruits packed with vitamins from own harvest; attractive, cream-colored flowers; fast-growing climber giving shade and privacy; hardy garden plant; easy to winter as container plant (unheated & dark)k)
Use: planted in the garden (no winter protection necessary); in large pots from April to October/November outside on balcony, terrace and in the garden - during winter in an unheated winter quarter; all year round in an unheated greenhouse or conservatory
- Asia (mediterranean)
- Flowering period
- Color of flowers
- Edible fruits
- Full sun
- winter temperature
- Minimum temperature
- -20 °C
- Hardiness Zones
- mehr als 5 m
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